By Richard Merrell, PO Box 107 Wentworth Falls NSW Australia 2782

02 47571825


Below are a list of writings that are found in the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha and the New Testament Apocrypha, which I recommend to the reader. However I must stress that a knowledge of the Bible is necessary, even paramount for those who are willing to read these documents of the early church. For some of the documents in the Pseudepigrapha and New Testament Apocrypha are clearly discerned to be utter nonsense in light of the Bible. However there are some writings I believe good for edification,exhortation and comfort, such as the First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians and the Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians.

Clement was an early Bishop of Rome and sent his epistle to Corinth c 96. Clement was a disciple of the Apostle Peter.

Polycarp d c155 was Bishop of Smyrna, and disciple of the Apostle John. He became a faithful martyr for Jesus, being burnt at the stake when in very great age, for he declared before the Proconsul when told to swear to the genius of Caesar, "Eighty six years have I served Him, and He has done me no wrong; how can I blaspheme my King who saved me ?" The martyrdom of Polycarp 22nd February 156.



First Epistle of Clement of Rome to the Corinthians

Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians (Died for Jesus) burnt

Epistle of Ignatius to the Ephesians (Died for Jesus) beasts at Rome

Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians

Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians

Epistle of Ignatius to the Romans

Epistle of Ignatius to the Philidelphians

Epistle of Ignatius to the Smyrneans

Epistle of Ignatius to Polycarp

The General Epistle of Barnabas

The Gospel of Nicodemus, formerly called the Acts of Pontius Pilate



1. Jubilees

2. The Lives of the Prophets

3. Life of Adam and Eve

4. The Secrets of Enoch (Slavonic)

5. 1 Enoch ( Ethiopic Apocalypse of )......quoted at Jude 14,15

6. Apocalypse of Daniel

7. Apocalypse of Elijah

8. Apocryphon of Ezekiel

9. The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs


1. JUBILEES. (Second Century B.C.)

The Book of Jubilees being a record of the things that God showed (revealed) to Moses while he spent the 40 days on Mount Sinai, read (Exodus24:18). Israel was to become apostate, (even as the church has) but God showed to Moses that by His grace Israel will be ultimately restored. Chapter 49 speaks of the Passover and observance thereof, the last chapter, 50 speaks of the Sabbath. Jubilees has a relation to Genesis and Exodus.

2. THE LIVES OF THE PROPHETS. (First Century A.D.)

The Lives of the prophets is only extant in Christian manuscripts; it contains very much 'Christian' material and may have originally been written in one of the Semetic languages, as was the Gospel of Matthew; most likey Syriac, ( see the Peshitta, the Queen of NT manuscripts ). Dating of the 'LIVES' is difficult because no contemporary events are mentioned.

3. LIFE OF ADAM AND EVE. (First Century A.D.)

Deals with their life after their expulsion from Eden; deals with Cain's murder of his brother Able, and relates the story of Seth. It deals with the fact that mercy will be shown to men at the resurrection, speaks of the death and burial of Adam. The fall of Satan and the reason is given; inasmuch that Satan would not worship man, who had been created in the image of God. The book is interesting but a firm grasp of Scripture is needed.

4. THE SECRETS OF ENOCH. 2(Slavonic Apocalypse of) ENOCH (Late First Century A.D.)

The work covers the period of Genesis 5:23-32; it is an amplification thereof, and deals with the life of Enoch to the deluge. He has a vision whereby he is taken into heaven; (note John in the Apocalypse). He is taken through seven heavens to the throne of God, at each heaven he sees things and asks the angel what they mean. The account of the (sons of God who mated with women) is recorded, so too the time of world history to the new heaven and earth. One gets an appreciation for First Century understanding that the Lord is the only Creator, a book worth reading.

5. 1 ENOCH. (Ethiopic Apocalypse of) (First Century B.C. - First Century A.D.)

This work is also known as 1 Enoch, it is the oldest of three works in the pseudepigrapha attributed to Enoch. After Enoch has the visions he admonishes his children to walk after God, for a great flood is coming as judgement upon the wicked. It is interesting to me for Jude 14,15 relates Enoch's prophecy written at 1:9, so we have a book of the Canon quoting a pseudepigrapha writing. That's one reason I personaly believe in an OPEN canon. This book too is worth study for the enquiring mind!

6. APOCALYPSE OF DANIEL. (Ninth Century A.D.)

This work deals with the coming of the Antichrist and the end of the world. Earlier traditions on this subject were taken and adapted to the historical events of eighth-century Byzantium. However we get an insight into the earlier beliefs regarding the second coming of Jesus and the destruction of the 'man of sin' see 2 Thessalonians chapter 2. Early Christians did NOT believe in a 'secret' catching up of the saints.

7. APOCALYPSE OF ELIJAH. (First to Fourth Century A.D.)

This work deals with prayer and fasting, prophecies concerning the events preceding the advent of Antichrist, his discription and destruction. It speaks of events which will happen on 'that Day' ie: the Day of the Lord.

8. APOCRYPHON OF EZEKIEL. (First Century B.C. - First Century A.D.)

This work deals with a story of a certain king who invites his subjects to attend a great feast. However there two cripples whom he does not invite. The story is a moral regarding the resurrection and judgement.


This work purports to the final utterances of the twelve sons of Jacob, ( see my study ). Jacob's last words in Genesis 49 is the model for this work. Before each patriarch dies, having gathered about him his offspring he reflects on his life, and admonishes his children to avoid sins and speaks to them of the future of Israel. This book is good to read and encouraging to all who would avoid the pitfalls of sin, fornication being the subject of Joseph the eleventh son of Jacob and Rachel. What a great book this is !!!


The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments Volume 1. James H. Charlesworth

The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Volume 2. James H. Charlesworth

New Testament Apocrypha, Volume one: Gospel and Related Writings, Wilhelm Schneemelcher.

New Testament Apocrypha, Volume two: Writings Relating to the Apostles; Apocalypses and Related Subjects, Wilhelm Schneemelcher.

The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden

A New Eusebius, Documents illustrative of the history of the Church to A.D. 337, J.Stevenson


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